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12 certain childhood vaccines must be given.

    Vaccines – vaccines are one of the antibiotic preparations used to create active immunity to increase the body’s resistance, especially for young children.

Therefore, vaccination is one of the very important things to ensure the health of children, avoiding incurable diseases or infectious diseases. The following 12 vaccines that mothers must know to immunize their babies against potentially life-threatening germs.

1. Hepatitis B.

Newborns should be given the shot as soon as 24 hours after birth, and receive a similar dose at 1 to 2 months of age and a third of the same dose at 6 to 18 months of age. This vaccine protects children against the hepatitis B virus, which is spread through contact with blood or body fluids (shared toothbrushes and some utensils).

Symptoms when children inject drugs often experience when injecting this medicine is pain at the injection site, or low-grade fever.

2. Vaccines – get DTaP.

The DTaP vaccine protects children against diphtheria (a bacteria that can cause a child’s throat to turn gray or black) and tetanus (an infection that can cause very strong muscle spasms). causes children to break bones), and whooping cough (a highly contagious disease that causes a serious, uncontrolled cough, known as pertussis).

Five doses of the vaccine are given to children at the ages of 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years of age. (And booster shots at age 11 or 12 and then every 10 years.)

3. Vaccines – get MMR.

This vaccine combines protection against three viruses: measles (causing high fever, rash all over the child’s body); mumps (causes facial pain, swollen salivary glands, and sometimes swollen scrotum in boys); and rubella or German measles (which can cause birth defects if an infection occurs during pregnancy).

Give your child the first shot of this vaccine at 12 to 15 months of age, and a booster shot between the ages of 4 and 6.

4. Chickenpox.

Chickenpox is a highly contagious rash in children caused by the chickenpox virus. Chickenpox can cause infections and other dangerous complications. Often children get chickenpox which can lead to shingles, a very painful blistering rash.

This vaccine is best given to children between the ages of 12 and 15 months and is repeated between the ages of 4 and 6.

5. Vaccine – Haemophilus influenza B (Hib).

Haemophilus influenza B is the bacteria that causes meningitis that manifests as inflammation around the brain and spinal cord, which is especially dangerous for children under 5 years of age.

Hib vaccine is recommended for children between the ages of 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months of age. Fever, swelling, and redness at the injection site are common side effects of this vaccine.

6. Polio (IPV).

Polio can cause paralysis and even death in children. The polio vaccine is a success because it completely eradicates the virus that causes polio in children. Children should get the IPV shot at ages 2 months, 4 months, 6 to 18 months, and then a booster shot again between the ages of 4 and 6 years.

7. Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV).

This vaccine, called PCV13 (common name Prevnar), protects against 13 types of bacteria that can cause all kinds of health disturbances in children such as meningitis, pneumonia, infections ear infections, blood infections, and even death.

With this vaccine, children need a total of four shots at ages 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months of age to protect them against pneumococcal bacteria. The most common side effects of the vaccine include drowsiness, swelling at the injection site, low-grade fever, and malaise.

8. Influenza (flu).

Influenza vaccination is started in the fall of each year. The Centers for Disease Control recommends getting the flu vaccine for children 6 months of age and older. Common side effects of the drug include soreness, redness, or swelling at the injection site. May cause fever and body aches.

9. Rotavirus (RV).

rotavirus (RV) vaccine; (drug names RotaTeq, Rotarix) – a virus that causes acute diarrhea in children is given to children at 2 and 4 months of age (RotaTeq is given to children at 6 months.) This vaccine is made in liquid form. and is an oral medication. It may make the child a little more uncomfortable and may also cause mild diarrhea or vomiting.

10. Hepatitis A.

Children can catch hepatitis A from food or drink or from eating contaminated food or putting contaminated objects in their mouths. It is a viral disease that damages the liver with some symptoms including fever, fatigue, jaundice, and loss of appetite.

Children 12 to 23 months of age usually get two doses of hepatitis A vaccine, with a minimum interval of six months between shots.

Injection site pain, headache, and loss of appetite are the most common side effects of this vaccine.

11. Meningitis (MCV4).

This vaccine, called MCV4 (Menactra), helps protect your child against bacterial meningitis – a common disease that can infect the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. MCV4 is recommendedVaccination is best for children aged 11 or 12, and everyone between the ages of 2 and 55 is at risk of infection. With this vaccine, a common side effect is that the injection site will be slightly painful.

12.Human papillomavirus (HPV) – Vaccine – prevention of cervical cancer.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (brand names Gardasil, Cervarix) is given in three doses over a 6-month period, and is approved for girls ages 9 to 26 as best.

This vaccine protects children against two sexually transmitted viruses that are common causes of cervical cancer.

This vaccine is only effective when given before an infection occurs.

Above are 12 types of vaccines – vaccines for children that mothers should remember. Vaccination will help your baby to develop comprehensively and healthily.

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