The problem of overweight and obesity in children is of great concern to families and society. Why are children overweight? Is overweight or obesity associated with or linked to other health conditions? And how to prevent overweight and obesity in children? Read the following articles to find your child’s words.
* Why are children overweight and obese?
Overweight and obesity are associated with a child’s daily diet and daily life. Children who have a habit of eating a lot of protein, starch, and fat are at risk of being overweight. Children who tend to sit are also at risk.
* Are overweight and obesity related to other health problems?
The answer is yes. Obesity increases the likelihood that children will have health problems now and in the future than other children of normal age. Children are also susceptible to common adult illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and triglycerides.
* Health issues related to obesity:
-Shortness of breath during or during exercise.
-The symptoms of asthma get worse.
-Even if you have difficulty breathing, you can’t sleep well at night.
-Get up early.
-Irregular menstrual cycles lead to the problem of infertility in adulthood.
-Disease of the liver and gallbladder.
-Possible cardiovascular diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure leading to heart disease, heart failure and stroke.
* How is overweight and obesity determined?
Based on the Body Mass Index (BMI), people determine how much fat a person has. Formula to calculate a child’s BMI = weight (kg) / (height (m) * height (m))
After getting the body BMI, you can get the percentage compared to the available charts. This percentage represents the child’s BMI compared to other children.
Each percentage is based on the recommendations of the Expert Committee and is shown in the following table.
– Status Percentage BMI
– Underweight < 5%
– Normal or healthy From 5% to 85%
– Overweight (Risk of obesity) Between 85% and 95%
– Obesity >95%
Does BMI help show if a child’s weight is suitable for his height? This is not only about appearance, but also about the health of the child.
* What is the ideal BMI for a child?
Best range BMI is between 5% -85%
With an ideal BMI of healthy weight and height, a child’s body is less susceptible to illness and is healthier and more active than a person who is overweight or underweight.
* If your BMI is less than 5%, your child is underweight.
Currently, there are many software and websites for calculating BMI. There you can look up the child’s index to find out.
However, for children under the age of two, doctors use a weight graph for body length.
In addition, BMI is not accurate if the child is in a rapid growth phase. And these numbers are indicators of body fat, not direct health.
If you are worried about your child being overweight, take him to a nutrition clinic. If your child is found to be overweight, your doctor or specialist will give you an appropriate diet.
* Why do children get overweight and obese?
A combination of diet, sedentary lifestyle, genetic factors, or the above reasons can make a child overweight. One of the reasons for rapid weight gain is due to the side effects of hormones or certain drugs.
Most of our daily activities are eating and drinking. Unhealthy and inadequate diet is the main reason for being overweight. Prepare fresh food for children instead of canned food or fast food.
– A habit that tends to sit down.
By living an increasingly modern life, children will always have free time to watch TV, phone and play video games. Children spend less time playing active and active games. According to statistics, children who watch TV or phone for more than 4 hours a day are more likely to be overweight than other children. Get in the habit of exercising for at least an hour a day and adjust for this. Children 2-5 years old need to be active several times a day.
Genetic factors also play a role in overweight. However, this factor cannot be explained by the current obesity crisis. Family diets that have been passed down from generation to generation play a role in overweighting other families, so this factor needs to be explained.
* Prevent overweight and obesity in children?
The secret to helping everyone is a healthy diet and regular exercise. Engage your child in a healthy diet plan. When you let your children choose food with you, you can teach your children good eating habits.
* Avoid bad habits:
-Reward your child with sweets, sweets and treats.
-Don’t force your child to eat. If your child no longer wants to eat or drink milk, don’t force it into your child. Make your child think that you should eat at the right time when you are hungry.
* How to prevent age-related overweight and obesity.
-1 year old: Breastfeeding only
-1-5 years old: Get in the habit of eating healthy foods. Encourage your child’s positive propensity and help develop their eating skills.
-6 to 12 years old: Encourage children to be physically active on a regular and daily basis. Take a break, play after school, or go for a walk with the whole family. Help your child get into the habit by helping them pack their lunch.
-13-18 years old: Teach your child to prepare healthy meals and treats at home. Encourage your child to choose good food options and be active every day.
For everyone: Reduce the time you spend watching TV, phones, computers and video games. Never look at electronic devices while eating. Encourage people to eat fruits and vegetables and limit sugar in their diet.
Teach and talk to children about the importance of a good diet and regular exercise. Parents must also be a good role model for their children to follow.