The cholesterol index contributes to predicting the risk of developing heart disease for about a decade, thereby helping patients to have appropriate prevention methods early.
Experts recommend that people 20 years of age and older get their cholesterol checked at least once every five years. The following people will especially need to do this, including:
– Women 45 years and older.
– Men over 35 years old.
The test will be a type of blood test, with the results called cholesterol readings. Based on it, your doctor can quickly determine if you have dyslipidemia. From there, they will quickly recommend preventive measures or treatment, if necessary.
However, do you know what the cholesterol number means?
* What is the cholesterol index?
In principle, the cholesterol number will represent the concentration of compounds including:
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or “bad” cholesterol (LDL).
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or “good” cholesterol (HDL).
– Triglycerides (trans fats from foods you consume, such as alcohol, beer, excess sugar… They are usually stored in fat cells in the body).
– Total cholesterol (a combination of the above).
It’s important to note that individual cholesterol numbers are not enough to predict your risk of developing heart disease or determine what you need to do to reduce this risk. Instead, they contribute to a baseline that helps doctors look at your cardiovascular disease-related risks over the next 10 years, such as:
– Cholesterol index 1.
Smoking contributes to heart disease.
– Blood pressure readings.
– Smoking habits.
– The use of blood pressure medication.
From there, your doctor will work with you to discuss developing a strategy to reduce these risks, if any.
Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol
* How to control effectively.
Too much low-density lipoprotein cholesterol will form plaque on the artery walls, thereby increasing the likelihood of developing heart disease by leading to atherosclerosis. This is also why researchers rate LDL as “bad” cholesterol.
The higher your LDL number, the more likely you are to get heart disease. A result of 190 or more is considered too high. At this point, in addition to instructions for a healthy lifestyle, your doctor will also prescribe you a statin drug to lower your low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
On the other hand, sometimes you’ll still need to take a statin even if your LDL is less than 190. After calculating your risk over the next 10 years, your doctor will set a limit for how much LDL you need to reach. through:
– Physical training.
– Use medicine (if necessary).
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
In contrast to LDL, the higher your HDL or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol results, the lower your risk of developing heart disease. This is because HDL plays a role in fighting heart-related diseases by removing “bad” cholesterol from the blood and preventing the formation of plaque on the artery walls.
Follow up with a reasonable exercise regimen
Regular exercise or taking a statin drug prescribed by your doctor can help you slightly raise your HDL.
* Triglyceride index.
Triglycerides are the metabolites of most of the fat in the foods you consume. Therefore, a high level of triglycerides indicates that you are at high risk for coronary heart disease.
* Cholesterol index 2.
Triglycerides are “products” of the fat in the foods you consume
The researchers also classified triglycerides into the following groups:
Below 150: normal
150 – 199: a bit high
200 – 499: high
500 or more: too high
* Total cholesterol index.
The total cholesterol index represents the total amount of lipids in the blood, including LDL, HDL or other components. Your doctor will need to rely on your total cholesterol when determining your risk for heart disease and how to best control it.