Digital devices are becoming more and more intelligent by connecting to the user-interactive system by the Internet. IoT is also increasingly used in the military field to increase the strength and capacity of military forces.
IoT is a network of interconnected devices that allows users to automate and control the device’s operating status and operating environment. Currently, IoT has been widely applied in the military field, such as: mobile applications that support soldiers in analyzing strategic combat situations; connecting military vehicles such as aircraft, tanks, unmanned equipment (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle – UAV); connect soldiers and officers with military bases; create a risk assessment system for military situations. Here are some common applications of IoT in the military field:
* Survey, provide battlefield information.
With sensors mounted on UAV devices and collected battlefield information, officers can conduct real-time battlefield surveys and provide them to military command centers. The command center can rely on the data obtained to perform analysis, assessment, and make important military decisions. Performing remote operations avoids the risk of unnecessary loss of people and equipment.
* Maintenance of weapons, vehicles, combat equipment.
With sensors equipped on weapons, vehicles, and combat equipment, IoT applications are always updated quickly. The personnel who maintain and maintain equipment and weapons will be promptly alerted and carry out repairs and maintenance when problems appear on equipment, weapons and combat vehicles.
* Monitor physical and mental health.
With sensors equipped on military uniforms, officers, health information (body temperature map, heart rate…) and behavioral information (movement, positioning, etc.) physical activity, voice…) are sent back to the military medical staff in real time. Thanks to that, the military medic will always arrange to handle medical care and emergency situations in a timely manner.
Track and manage logistics and transport vehicles in real time
Vehicles equipped with sensors will show speed, engine status, fuel consumption… in real time so that the operator team will adjust the actual operation. most appropriate and effective.
* Equipment logistics warehouse management.
Monitoring based on remote radio wave identification (RFID) always accurately reflects the status of military equipment, weapons and equipment in stock (guns, vehicles, ammunition, explosives, transmitters …) There is no direct need and manual implementation is less secure and inefficient, while IoT can issue warning information when equipment, weapons, and equipment are moved out of the warehouse.
* Enemy identification.
In the context of militaries of many countries using asymmetric warfare tactics, the tactics of impersonating civilians or using stolen documents, costumes, or badges to disguise themselves as soldiers to infiltrate or access military bases. Any military situation is possible. Without IoT it is very difficult to detect enemies infiltrating civilians or teams. But with IoT sensors (iron scanning, fingerprint scanning, biometric data recognition…) the impostor or potential person can be detected quickly.
* Serving military operations in urban peacetime.
In the modern smart urban environment (the city already has smart device systems, its sensor devices: traffic cameras, traffic light sensors…) the deployment of integrated military IoT sensors the enhancement of the military’s military situational awareness so that it is always ready for relief and intervention.